Tulum is one of the very few walled cities known to be built by the Maya. It is located in the southeast of Mexico on the coast of the Caribbean Sea on 12m tall cliffs and was one of the last cities built and inhabited by the Maya. It was at its height between the 13th and 15th centuries and managed to survive about 70 years after the Spanish began occupying Mexico. Old World diseases brought by the Spanish settlers appear to have resulted in very high fatalities. They disrupted society and eventually caused the city to be abandoned.
It was surrounded by huge walls as their protection with having just five entrances. But it was assumed that only the governors and priests lived within the walled city while most people lived outside the walls.
The tallest building next to the Temple is the " El Castillo". Some referred it as the lighthouse during the Mayan settlement era, while others considered it as the city landmark for the sailors coming from the Pacific, Gulf and other parts of Central America.
The 80th Anniversary of the IPN