The Principality of Liechtenstein has an area of 160 km² and is bordered by Austria and Switzerland. Vaduz is the capital of the principality of Liechtenstein and the seat of the national parliament. It is known as a "principality" because it is a constitutional monarchy headed by a prince.
The Vaduz Castle is home to Prince Hans-Adam II of Liechtenstein.The castle gave its name to the town of Vaduz, the capital of Liechtenstein. Built by Hugo von Petronell-Liechtenstein around 1130, this castle is said to stand on a rock known as the light ('Licht') stone ('Stein'). It was a fortress and came into ownership of the Princely family in the 17thC.
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