The Falklands are a compact group of 740 islands (also known as Malvinas in Argentina) and located in the South Atlantic Ocean, just 300 miles off the coast of East Patagonia in the southernmost part of Argentina. The region consists of 2 main islands, West Falkland and East Falkland, and over 700 other smaller islands. Many of the smaller islands are nature reserves.
They are an independent overseas territory of the UK since 1833, a status the Argentines have fought and still contest.
The Falklands are one of the world’s great penguin capitals: as many as a million penguins nest in the Falklands every summer. There are five penguin species breeding on the islands, Gentoo penguins, Macaroni penguins, King penguins, Rockhopper penguins and Magellanic penguins. For the Gentoo, the Falklands are home to the largest population on Earth.