Berchtesgaden town, Bavaria Land (state), is situated on the Berchtesgaden Stream in a deep valley surrounded on three sides by Austria.
Berchtesgaden National Park is located in the southern Bavaria along the Austrian border. This park was established in 1978 to protect the landscapes of the Berchtesgaden Alps. It covers an area of 210 km² with altitudes ranging from 540 meter at lowland Königssee to the towering Watzmann Mountain (2.713m).
Home to alpine flowers, rare orchids, marmots, butterflies, chamois, ibex, red deer and several pairs of Golden Eagles.
The park was designated a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in 1990.