Cape Verde is an island country stretching over an archipelago of 10 volcanic islands in the central Atlantic Ocean located 500 kilometres (350 miles) west of Senegal.
The islands are divided into two sections, the Barlavento (windward) islands and the Sotavento (leeward) islands. The Barlavento Islands are Santo Antão, São Vicente, Santa Luzia, São Nicolau, Sal, and Boa Vista and the Sotavento Islands are Maio, Santiago, Fogo, and Brava.
Santiago is the largest Island, both in size and population and is home to the capital city, Praia.
Portuguese explorers discovered and colonized the previously uninhabited islands in the 15th century, the island gained its independence in 1975
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